How to Create a NAT Switch on Hyper-V

In this guide, you will learn how to create a Hyper-V switch that uses NAT for network access.

NAT will provide virtual machines access to network resources (internet access) using the host computers network adapter.

For this guide, I’ll use the below network settings. When the configuration is complete the VMs on the network will use the Hyper-V Host IP for accessing the internet.

Step 1: Create an Internal Virtual Switch

Open PowerShell and run the below command. Change “SWITCHNAME” to whatever you want to name your switch, I’ve called mine “nat-switch”.

New-VMSwitch -Name SWITCHNAME -SwitchType Internal

Step 2: Get the Interface Index Number (ifIndex)

Next, you need to find the index number of the virtual switch created in step 1. Run the below command.


My index number is 28, you will probably have a different number than mine.

Step 3: Configure NAT Gateway

I have my VMs configured on the network. I’m going to use the 1st address of this network for the gateway. The gateway will be used n your VMs so they can send traffic outside of their network.

New-NetIPAddress –IPAddress -PrefixLength 24 -InterfaceIndex 28

Step 4: Configure NAT Network

Now configure the network you want to NAT. Again I want to NAT the network. You can name anything you like, I named mine “Nat-Switch-Outside”.

New-NetNat -Name Nat-Switch-Outside -InternalIPInterfaceAddressPrefix

Step 5: Configure VM with New Virtual Switch

In Hyper-v you can now change your VMs to use the new virtual switch.

Step 6: VM Network Settings

Now configure your VM with an IP address from the network configured in step 4. In my case, this is the network.

I’ll give my VM the IP and the gateway (step 3).

Now your hyper-v VMs will use NAT when accessing a different network. The diagram below is an example of how NAT works. All of the VMs on my network will use the Hyper-V host physical Adapter when accessing the internet.

View NAT Settings

To view existing NAT settings run the below command.


View Hyper-V Virtual Switches

Run this command to view your Hyper-V virtual switch.


9 thoughts on “How to Create a NAT Switch on Hyper-V”

  1. Hello! Good article, I have been long searching for! Thank you!
    But… how does the NAT connect to the physical NIC It is not in your setting. And at least on my system the connection from VM-NAT-? does not forward.

    …I can ping the physical external NIC (Wi-Fi) from the guest. That’s something. And ping guest from host. But the NAT address (yours does not respond from the guest.

  2. I’ve followed your guide but I’m unable to go out to internet trough VM
    On my win10 host I see the nat-switch as “public network” without connection did you know how fix it? Also may I know why you’ve set the VM’s network card dns in that way?


  3. This is great – thank you Robert.

    When we installed Hyper-V, the Windows configuration changed so that the host machine appears to be using the virtual switch for its internet connection. Is that the usual behaviour?

    We haven’t set up NAT yet (hence looking at this guide!) and are just looking to ensure that we don’t break anything while we configure NAT.



    • The default switch also uses NAT, it uses a built in DHCP server that assigns IPs to VMs. The issue is you have no control over the DHCP server and cannot set static IPs on your VMs.


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